Calamus marsh, or reed (Ácorus cálamus) – a plant found almost throughout Europe and Asia. The birthplace of calamus is India. It is believed that in Russia the plant appeared in the XIII century, thanks to the ordins of Batu Khan. They knew about the ability of calamus to disinfect water, so they scattered its roots on the swampy banks of reservoirs.
Among the people, calamus is often called Tatar potion or Tatar saber: its long sharp leaves really resemble sabers. But when buying medicinal raw materials in a pharmacy or from herbalists, you need to ask for calamus, since the botanical name “marsh sabelnik” belongs to a completely different plant. Other common names calamus: dollop, lapusnik, Thistle, SHUVAR, IRNA root.
Healing properties of calamus
In folk medicine, tincture of calamus root is widely used on vodka, alcohol or wine. The roots, which can reach a length of 1.5 m, are dug out in late autumn, when they are most rich in useful substances. The rhizomes are washed and cut into pieces of 15-20 cm, and especially fleshy roots are split. They should be dried in the air or in the oven, but at a temperature not higher than +30 °C, otherwise valuable essential oils will disappear. Well-dried roots should break easily. They retain their useful properties for 2 years.
Scientists have found that the root of calamus contains:
- acorin glycoside is a strong choleretic agent. This substance normalizes the heart rate, analgesics and has a bronchodilator effect;
- calamine alkaloid-a substance with anti-inflammatory and decontaminating effects;
- vitamin C;
- choline (vitamin B4), which normalizes the state of the nervous system.
Tincture of calamus is used in:
- diseases of the bronchi;
- upset stomach;
- violations of the reproductive function in men;
- toothache and gum disease;
- visual impairment;
- joint pain;
- hair loss;
- treatment of nicotine addiction;
- anxiety, tantrums, migraines, diseases of the nervous system;
- poor memory, lack of concentration;
- as a preventive measure in the influenza epidemic.
Dried Calamus Root
Preparation of tincture of calamus
Calamus is infused with vodka or 70% alcohol. For those who do not tolerate strong drinks, as well as for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in order not to irritate the gastric mucosa, it is better to use a tincture of calamus on wine.
There are 2 main options for tincture of calamus on vodka (or 70% alcohol), which differ in proportions:
- tincture No. 1: 50 g of calamus root for 0.5 liters of vodka or alcohol;
- tincture No. 2: 100 g of calamus root per 0.5 liters of vodka or alcohol.
It should be borne in mind that in case of an overdose, the calamus root can cause vomiting. Therefore, it is necessary to start treatment with a weaker tincture (50 g of root per 0.5 liters of vodka). And only after making sure that the treatment does not cause vomiting, you should move on to a more concentrated tincture.
To prepare the tincture of calamus, the crushed root is poured with vodka or alcohol (the proportions are according to recipe No. 1 or No. 2). The container is placed in a cool, dark place, and shaken once every 2-3 days. After 2 weeks, the tincture is ready. It is filtered and poured into bottles or vials, preferably made of dark glass. The vessel with the tincture is stored in a dark place. The shelf life of the drug is 5 years.
Preparation of calamus tincture on wine: 100 g of calamus root pour 1 liter of natural red wine. Even homemade wine is suitable, as long as it is not fortified. Wine in tetrapacks for the preparation of medicines can not be used. Infuse for 15-20 days in a dry, dark place, stirring occasionally. Strain and pour into bottles and store in a dark place.
Application of tincture of calamus
For joint pain, compresses are made from tincture of calamus on vodka. The compress should be kept for at least 2 hours, or better – from evening to morning. Additionally, you can take the tincture (according to recipe No. 1) inside: 20-25 drops per 50 ml of water 2 times a day for half an hour before meals.
According to the same scheme, the tincture is taken for urolithiasis, for prevention during the flu epidemic, for the treatment of nicotine addiction. To make it easier to quit smoking, you can take calamus wine tincture: 2-3 times a day, 30-40 drops for half an hour before meals.
For the treatment of bronchial diseases, including bronchitis and bronchial asthma, 3 times a day, half an hour before meals, take 20-25 drops of tincture No. 1 or 10-15 drops of tincture No. 2 (dissolve in 50 ml of water). Those who are contraindicated in strong alcohol can take 30-40 drops of wine tincture 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is a month, then take a break for a week. Up to 6 courses per year are allowed.
The same scheme is followed when:
- treatment of male impotence;
- problems with memory and concentration (calamus contains substances that strengthen the blood vessels of the brain).
- irritability, hysteria, migraines.
For dermatitis or acne, the tincture according to the recipe No. 1 is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:3 (for 50 ml of tincture-150 ml of water). The resulting lotion is rubbed every day on the affected areas of the skin.
If you have an upset stomach, you need to drink a tablespoon of calamus tincture on vodka.
Tincture of calamus root for gum diseases
In case of toothache, a tampon soaked in calamus vodka tincture is applied to the gum. The pain goes away after 15-20 minutes.
For gum diseases, in addition to the tincture of calamus, you will need a tincture of propolis (50 g of propolis per 0.5 liters of vodka, insist for 2 weeks).
It is necessary to prepare the mixture:
- 1 tbsp tincture of calamus;
- 1 tsp propolis tincture;
- 3 tsp of water.
After addition of water, the liquid will be opaque and will acquire a cream color. This mixture should be rinsed in the mouth (after brushing your teeth) according to the scheme:
- Week 1 – 3 times a day;
- Week 2-morning and evening;
- 3rd and subsequent weeks-in the evening.
The course of treatment is 3-6 months. Calamus disinfects, eliminates bad breath. Propolis “cements” microcracks in the tooth enamel, prevents the formation of caries.
Tincture of calamus and calendula to improve vision
It is necessary to prepare a tincture:
- 4 tbsp marigold flowers;
- 4 tbsp crushed calamus root;
- 1 liter of vodka.
The infusion time is 2 weeks. The finished tincture is filtered and poured into 2 half-liter bottles. They are stored in a cool place.
The medicine is taken 3 times a day for a teaspoon half an hour before meals. When the first bottle is finished, they take a break for a month. Then continue taking the tincture according to the same scheme. The course is recommended to be conducted once a year.
Contraindications to the reception of tincture of calamus
Tincture of calamus can not be taken:
- during pregnancy and lactation;
- in the absence of a gallbladder (the drug has a choleretic effect);
- with individual intolerance.
It is allowed to take the tincture only after consulting with a doctor when:
- low acidity;
- gastritis and stomach ulcers;
- oncological diseases;
- significant lesions of the skin.
Calamus root tincture is a powerful remedy. It may not be combined with some antidepressants, medications for arrhythmia, choleretic drugs, antibiotics. Therefore, those who are prescribed any medications should definitely consult a doctor about the possibility of taking them.